Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, borders Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. Ukraine is currently on territory with Russia on the Crimean Peninsula that Russia invaded and annexed in 2014 but which Ukraine and most of the international community recognize as Ukrainian. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 square miles), making it the largest country in its entirety within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world, and a population of around 44.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. world.
Estimates compiled by the independent Razumkov Center in a national survey in 2006 found that 75.2 percent of respondents believe in God and 22 percent said they did not believe in God. 37.4 percent said they attended church regularly.
Among Ukrainians who are affiliated with an organized religion, the most common religion in Ukraine is Eastern Orthodoxy, currently divided among three ecclesial bodies: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Patriarchate of Kiev, the body of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Low Autonomous Church the patriarch of Moscow and the Ukrainian autocephalous Orthodox Church. A second distant by the number of followers is the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church of the Eastern Rite, which practices a liturgical and spiritual tradition similar to Eastern Orthodoxy, but is in communion with the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church and recognizes the primacy of the Pope . as head of the Church.